Sand cast components can be made in many materials including, aluminium, magnesium, cast iron, aluminium bronze, high tensile brass. The sand cast process starts with a pattern, this is rammed into sand to create a sand mould. There can be many parts to the mould to make complex parts. The moulds are assembled and the molten metal is poured into the sand. When the metal has cooled the sand is broken away and the casting is removed.
There are several steps to making a sand cast component.
- Laser scan – the component is scanned, this gives a 3D point cloud that accurately represents the size and shape of the part
- Casting CAD model – CAD geometry is drawn incorporating machining allowance and casting contraction/shrinkage
- Finished machined CAD model – another CAD model is created to represent the finished machined part this incorporates all machining, drilling, tapping and boring features.
- Engineering drawing – from the cad model engineering drawings are produced to give to the machine shop to machine the casting.
- Pattern design – casting patterns are designed from the casting model and then machined from a polyurethane resin / ureol.
- Castings – the patterns are used by the foundry to produce castings.
- Machining – the castings are then machined to produce the finished component
We can supply a finished product at any stage of the process above.
If you are a CAD designer - we can supply the scan data
If you are a pattern maker – we can supply the CAD model
If you are a machine shop – we can supply the machining drawings
If you are a foundry – we can supply the patterns
If you just want a finished part – we can do the whole job!
Examples of sand cast parts we have made include, magnesium gearbox casings, cast iron brake discs, aluminium cylinder heads, water pumps, oil pumps, rocker covers, sumps, crankcases and engine blocks.